Quality enhancement includes strengthening underlying data, and ensuring NDCs are detailed, achievable and verifiable.

CAEP supported enhancements in NDC quality through data and modelling support, costing, and implementation coordination.

All 55 countries received CAEP support targeting quality through analytical and technical support, as well as engagement and capacity building. This included:
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Data gathering and robust methodologies to support evidence based NDC targets and detailed action plans, including sector-specific plans, costing, and financing

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Stakeholder engagement and government coordination to ensure the right structures are in place for NDC implementation.

Enhanced NDC quality results in stronger underlying data and modeling methodologies, and helps ensure NDCs are comprehensive, achievable, and verifiable. 55 countries enhanced the pillar of quality of their NDC. Of these, 55 had linked CAEP support through:
Information and assessment Analytical support (modelling and data collections) and stakeholder engagement
Implementation and financial planning Development of studies and analysis, stakeholder engagement, costing targets, longterm finance planning, and identifying funding sources
Wider alignment National policy alignment, stakeholder engagement
Development of MRV systems Building capacity, development of sectoral plans
Watch this video to hear from NDC Partnership members on how countries have increased the quality of their NDCs with support from CAEP ensuring they are more transparent and inclusive.
Information and Assessment

Countries enhanced the quality of information on climate risks and mitigation target modelling.

0 48 out of 50 countries that enhanced information and assessment received CAEP support on information strengthening, with a focus on analytical support and stakeholder engagement.
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Holistic support

Countries requested holistic packages of support leveraging both technical sources of information as well as information on stakeholder priorities with the support of CAEP.

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Adaptation-specific enhancement

The focus on adaptation-specific enhancement demonstrated the value of a robust evidence base for designing ambitious and strategic adaptation targets.

Country Example

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Quantified climate change risks and vulnerabilities at national and subnational levels in its NDC and identified priority adaptation measures for climate-resilient development with CAEP support.

This included the development of Zimbabwe’s National Adaptation Plan through a spatial risk assessment and quantification of impacts on human, social, natural, and financial capital. 

The quantified risks fed into the NDC through the identification of key regional vulnerabilities and costing of climate inaction. These were projected into the future, until 2080, to aid the government’s long-term decision making.

Implementation and Financing Planning

Countries build in a strong foundation to deliver on ambition through planning.

0 All 55 countries that improved their implementation plans and arrangements received CAEP support.
Institutional arrangements for implementation

48 countries received CAEP support to define institutional arrangements for implementation, 40 were supported in institutional strengthening, and 48 in capacity building. 

0 countries enhanced their investment planning, out of which 49 received targeted CAEP support.
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Stakeholder engagement

Activities had a strong stakeholder engagement component, with countries driving an inclusive process for determining investment needs and long-term planning.

NDC costing and analysis

Additionally, 25 countries were supported in their reporting on financial needs through developing specific costing studies and analyses.

Country Examples

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Antigua and Barbuda

With the use of the Sustainable Island Resource Framework fund, Antigua and Barbuda wanted to increase investment in informal sectors that cannot access traditional funding. The government also implemented a tourist levy to increase domestic funding sources. 

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Zimbabwe was developing a Climate Finance Facility with support from the Infrastructure Development Bank of Zimbabwe. This initiative planned to fund green infrastructure developments in the energy, transport, waste, water, and sanitation sectors.  

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Vietnam, Saint Lucia and Nigeria

Estimates of the costs of climate inaction varied by the country’s exposure to climate impacts. For example, Vietnam estimated that impacts of climate inaction could reach up to 2% of its GDP by 2050. Saint Lucia expected the costs to reach 25% and Nigeria predicted a 6% to 30% range.

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The most transparent and clear communication of target financing was seen in NDCs that costed each of their actions. Cambodia, for example, listed its costed actions in the NDC annex, together with detailed information on implementing entity, co-benefits, technological capabilities, and gender considerations.

Wider Alignment

Countries aligned their NDC update with wider national development goals.

0 countries showed greater alignment with wider national goals, 53 through CAEP support.
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Alignment with wider strategic goals enabled countries to deliver on a broader strategic agenda, supporting national development.

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Linked their NDC targets with SDGs, 30 explicitly referenced Just Transition considerations, and 29 illustrated their NDC interlinkages with the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction.

Wider strategic alignment leads to more encompassing targets

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Support focused on aligning NDCs with existing national priorities, revising national strategies and plans, and engaging with key stakeholders.

Country Example

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The adaptation strategy of Paraguay’s NDC includes 25 clearly outlined adaptation objectives and describes scope, plan of action, capacity gaps, support required and institutions responsible for implementation. This included an exercise that supported the wider alignment of Paraguay’s adaptation strategy. It identified synergies between prioritized adaptation objectives and relevant strategic plans, such as the National Development Plan 2030, SDGs, Sendai, and the Warsaw International Mechanism.

Development of MRV Systems

Countries developed and strengthened measurement, reporting and verification systems (MRV) to effectively track progress against their targets.

0 out of 43 countries that enhanced their MRV systems received CAEP support on this component.
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MRV systems

CAEP activities that focused on developing or updating MRV/monitoring and evaluation systems and collecting data were most commonly delivered alongside stakeholder engagement and analytical support.

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Government coordination

To facilitate the handover process, CAEP also supported capacity building and intergovernmental coordination.

Some countries are working to make their MRV systems more comprehensive.
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Intend for their MRVs to track progress against crosscutting plans such as SDGs, and 19 to track climate-related financing.


Countries to raise their ambition and put in place higher mitigation and adaptation targets

CAEP support included programs combining analysis and engage¬ment with a strong focus on country ownership.

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Demonstrated enhancement in NDC transparency and inclusiveness

CAEP activities focused on NDC processes had a strong emphasis on engagement and consultation, supporting more transpar¬ent and inclusive NDCs.

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