Process captures enhancement in NDC transparency and inclusiveness of key stakeholders and vulnerable communities.

CAEP supported enhancement in process, strengthening the credibility of NDCs and ensuring targets reflect the needs and priorities of impacted communities.

0 of 55 countries that enhanced their NDC process were supported by CAEP.
Engaging stakeholders

Focus activities were stakeholder engagement, publicizing the NDC and capacity building.

Enhancing inclusivity

CAEP support also included activities explicitly enhancing inclusivity, e.g., gender balance.

Process components illustrate whether the NDC is communicated transparently and whether it accounts for the needs and vulnerabilities of the stakeholders: 55 countries enhanced the pillar of process of their NDC, of these, 54 had linked CAEP support through:
NDC transparency Stakeholder engagement and capacity development on ICTU standards
Inclusiveness Developing analysis, enacting national strategies, and updating MRV strategies to cover vulnerable groups
Education and public engagement Public education campaigns, consultation and validation
Watch this video to learn how countries, with support from the NDC Partnership, have enhanced the processes associated with NDC development and implementation through CAEP.
NDC Transparency

Countries enhanced transparency by adhering to international communication standards and including details on underlying approaches to setting targets in their NDCs.

0 out of 51 countries that enhancing their alignment with ICTU (information to facilitate clarity, transparency, and understanding) standards received CAEP support.
ICTU alignment

The standards are designed to create transparency on specific planning approaches and the assumptions used to set targets and timelines.

Capacity development

CAEP support included activities such as engaging stakeholders, enhancing inclusivity, and developing capacity.

Country Example

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The Dominican Republic

By following the ICTU template, the country’s NDC used a standardized approach to provide information about the data collection, modeling, and assumptions that feed into its targets. CAEP activities centered around improving the data collection process and identifying climate impacts that feed into NDC targets.

Additionally, the ICTU template ensured that the country’s approaches to gender, youth, subnational commitments, human rights, and just transitions are clearly laid out.


Enhanced NDCs considered needs and exposure to climate change of vulnerable groups including women, youth and Indigenous communities.

All 55 countries that took more inclusive approaches to their NDCs received linked CAEP support.
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Information on gender saw the greatest enhancement, evident for 53 out of 55 countries, with 49 cases linked to CAEP support.

Activities included stakeholder consultations on gender, research into ways gender plays into climate vulnerability, and measures that target female empowerment as part of the climate strategy.

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Additionally, 42 countries targeted youth needs, with 39 receiving CAEP support through inclusive stakeholder engagement and capacity building.

Country Examples

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Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso included strong gender mainstreaming elements in sectoral action plans and focused on coordination and stakeholder engagement. This involved actions such as improving data gathering and analysis of gender-disaggregated impacts of climate change, building capacity on the importance of considering gender in climate change strategies, and ensuring gender equality in climate projects and programs.

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Pakistan set explicit targets on youth engagement in climate change action. They included improving education, offering volunteering opportunities, encouraging research and innovation around climate-oriented solutions, and creating job opportunities.

Education and public engagement

Countries focused on widespread awareness raising and civil society engagement in climate action.

48 countries included awareness raising, advocacy, and education-related activities in the revision process of their NDCs. 46 of these received CAEP support.
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Stakeholder engagement support was in high demand by countries updating their NDCs and the second most linked CAEP activity overall.

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Countries went through a consultation and validation process with stakeholders with technical expertise, local governments, private companies, and members of communities most affected by climate change (e.g., women, Indigenous communities).

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In addition to engaging stakeholders and developing capacity, awareness raising and public education across regions were the most linked activities.

Country Example

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The Indonesian NDC demonstrated enhancement in climate change education, stakeholder consultations, and consideration of the impact of NDC action on vulnerable groups.

This involved inclusive public engagement, capacity building, and delivery of NDC readiness, including through designing an effective consultation process, comprehensively mapping needs and financing gaps at the subnational level, strengthening the role of local communities and vulnerable groups through implementing the NDC and a long-term strategy, development of a public campaign to promote a better understanding of the government’s climate action.


Countries to raise their ambition and put in place higher mitigation and adaptation targets

CAEP support included programs combining analysis and engage¬ment with a strong focus on country ownership.

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Enhanced NDC quality supporting detailed, achievable, and strategic targets

From analytical and technical support to engagement and capacity building, CAEP support has been linked to enhancements within all assessed countries.

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